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Glossary

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KVM

Short for keyboard, video, and mouse...

LAN

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small physical area, like a home, office, or small group of buildings, such as a school, or an airport...

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display...

LED

A video display which uses Light-Emitting Diodes...

Letterboxing

The practice of transferring video content shot in a widescreen aspect ratio (eg 16:9) to standard-width video format (eg 4:3) while preserving the original aspect ratio...

Lossless Audio

Describes an audio codec which is considered lossless – meaning that the exact original data is able to be reconstructed from the compressed data...

Luminance

Luminance is the photometric measure of the brightness in a video picture...

Mbps

Megabyte per second

A megabyte per second (MB/s or MBps) is a unit of data transfer rate equal to:

* 8,000,000 bits per second, or
* 1,000,000 bytes per second, or
* 1,000 kilobytes per second, or
* 8 megabits per second...

MDA

Monochrome Display Adapter...

Monkeys Audio

Monkey's Audio is a file format for audio data compression...

MPEG1

MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio...

MPEG2

MPEG-2 is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information"...

Multimedia

Multimedia is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms...

NTSC

NTSC is the analog television system used in most of North America, South America, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Burma, and some Pacific island nations and territories...

NTSC-J

A variation of the NTSC system used throughout Japan...

NTSC-M

Unlike PAL, with its many varied underlying broadcast television systems in use throughout the world, NTSC colour encoding is invariably used with broadcast system M, giving NTSC-M...

OLED

An Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED), is a light-emitting diode (LED) whose emissive electroluminescent layer is composed of a film of organic compounds...

Optical Imaging Touchscreen

Optical Imaging is a relatively modern development in touchscreen technology, in which two or more image sensors are placed around the edges (mostly the corners) of the screen...

PAL

PAL (Phase Alternation Line) is the analog television display standard that is used in Europe and certain other parts of the world...

PAL B/G/D/K/I

The majority of countries using PAL have television standards with 625 lines and 25 frames per second, differences concern the audio carrier frequency and channel bandwidths...

PAL-60

A substandard of PAL used by some countries, utilising 60Hz instead of 50Hz refreshing frequency...

PAL-M

In Brazil, PAL is used in conjunction with the 525 line, 29...

PAL-N

In Paraguay and Uruguay, PAL is used with the standard 625 line/50 fields per second system, but again with (very nearly) the NTSC subcarrier frequency...

PAL-Nc

In Argentina, the PAL-Nc (combination N) variant is used...

PALplus

An extension of the PAL analogue broadcasting system for transmitting 16:9 programs without sacrificing vertical resolution...

PAP

Picture and Picture (PAP), also commonly referred to as PBP (Picture by Picture), is a technique where two programs are displayed side-by-side on the screen, with the sound from one program being played through the speakers, and the sound from the other being sent to headphones...

PIP

Picture-In-Picture (PIP) is a feature of some television receivers and multimedia devices...

Pixels

In digital imaging, a pixel (or picture element) is a single point in a raster image...

Plasma

Plasma is a display technology for thin flat display devices usually used for large TV screens...

Progressive Scan

Progressive scan is a method for displaying, storing or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence...

PS/2

A port type developed by IBM for the purpose of connecting a keyboard or mouse to a PC...

QSXGA

QSXGA (Quad Super Extended Graphics Array) is a display resolution of 2560×2048 pixels with a 5:4 aspect ratio...

QSXGA Plus

QSXGA+ (Quad Super Extended Graphics Array +) is a display resolution of 2800×2100 pixels with a 4:3 aspect ratio...

QUXGA

QUXGA (Quad Ultra Extended Graphics Array) describes a display standard that can support a resolution up to 3200 x 2400 pixels, assuming a 4:3 aspect ratio...

QVGA

The Quarter Video Graphics Array (also known as Quarter VGA, QVGA, or qVGA) is a popular term for a computer display with 320 × 240 display resolution...

QXGA

The QXGA, or Quad eXtended Graphics Array, display standard is a resolution standard in display technology...

RCA Plug

A type of electrical connector commonly used to carry audio and video signals...

Refresh Rate

The number of times in a second that display hardware draws the data, refreshing the image...

Resistive Touchscreen

Resistive touchscreens are composed of two flexible sheets coated with a resistive material and separated by an air gap or microdots...

RF

Radio frequency (RF) radiation is a subset of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 100 km to 1 mm, which is a frequency of 3 kHz to 300 GHz, respectively...

RF Connector

An electrical connector designed to work at radio frequencies in the multi-megahertz range...

RGB

A colour model in which Red, Green, and Blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colours...

RGB+HV

A RGB signal where the synchronisation impulses that keep the picture fully synchronised (all colours at the right time) are found in separate cables...

S-Video

An analog video signal that carries video data as two separate signals: luma (luminance) and chroma (colour), to reduce the possibility of interaction...

S/PDIF

Sony/Philips Digital Interconnect Format (more commonly known as Sony Philips Digital InterFace)...

SAW (Surface Acoustic Wave) Touchscreen

Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) technology uses ultrasonic waves that pass over the touchscreen panel...

Scan Converter

A scan converter is a device which changes the vertical / horizontal scan frequency of a video signal for different purposes and applications...

SCART

SCART is a 21-pin analog connection standard for connecting audio-visual (AV) equipment together...

SDI

Serial Digital Interface (SDI) is a standard for digital video transmission over coaxial cable...

SDTV

Standard-definition television (SDTV) is a television system that has a resolution that meets standards but not considered either enhanced-definition television (EDTV) or high-definition television (HDTV)...
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