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Glossary

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1080i

A High Definition video format consisting of 1,080 vertical lines of display resolution in an Interlaced scan...

1080p

A High Definition video format consisting of 1,080 vertical lines of display resolution in a Progressive scan, meaning the image is not interlaced...

16:9

A type of Aspect Ratio...

480i

A Standard Definition video format consisting of 480 vertical lines of display resolution in an Interlaced scan...

480p

A Standard Definition video format consisting of 480 vertical lines of display resolution in a Progressive scan, usually with a horizontal resolution of 640 pixels and 4:3 aspect ratio...

4:3

The 4:3 ratio (generally named as "Four-Three", "Four-by-Three", "Four-to-Three", or "Academy Ratio") for standard television has been in use since television's origins and many computer monitors use the same aspect ratio...

576i

A Standard Definition video format consisting of 576 vertical lines of display resolution in an Interlaced scan...

576p

A Standard Definition video format consisting of 576 vertical lines of display resolution in a Progressive scan, usually with a horizontal resolution of 720 or 704 pixels...

720p

A High Definition video format consisting of 720 vertical lines of display resolution in a Progressive scan...

AC

With AC (Alternating Current), the movement (or flow) of electric charge periodically reverses direction...

ADC

Analog to Digital Converter...

Aliasing

In signal processing and related disciplines, aliasing refers to an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled...

Analog

An Analog or analogue signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i...

Analog Monitor

Display unit that only accepts analog signals...

Analog Video

A video signal transferred by analog signal...

Anamorphic Widescreen

The process that horizontally squeezes a widescreen (16:9) image so that it can be stored into a standard 4:3 aspect ratio DVD image frame...

Antenna

An antenna (or aerial) is a transducer designed to transmit or receive electromagnetic waves...

Antialiasing

Antialiasing is a procedure which, by smoothing and filtering, eliminates or reduces the distortion artifacts known as aliasing when representing a high-resolution signal at a lower resolution...

Aspect Ratio

The ratio between the width and height of the TV picture on the screen...

Audio Bandwidth

The range of audio frequencies over which an amplifier or receiver will respond and provide useful output...

AVI

AVI (Audio Video Interleaved) is a computer video/graphics format...

AWG

American Wire Gauge is a standardised wire gauge system used to measure wire or cable thickness...

Black Burst

A video signal comprising sync and colour burst signals which generate a black image on the screen...

Blu-Ray Disc

Blu-ray Disc (also known as Blu-ray or BD) is an optical disk storage media format designed to supersede the standard DVD format...

Blue Key

Blue key generation is a process where a subject is filmed or photographed against a background consisting of a single colour - Blue...

Bluetooth

Bluetooth is an open wireless protocol for transfer of data over a short distance (using short length radio waves)...

BNC Connector

A type of connector used for high frequency signals including RF signal connections, analog and Serial Digital Interface (SDI) video signals, amateur radio antenna connections, aviation electronics and many other types of electronic test equipment...

Cable TV (CATV)

A TV system that uses fixed optical fibers or coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in traditional television broadcasting (via radio waves) in which a television antenna is required...

Capacitive Touchscreen

A capacitive touchscreen panel consists of an insulator such as glass, coated with a transparent conductor such as indium tin oxide (ITO)...

CAT 5

Category 5 cable, commonly known as Cat 5 or Cat-5, is an unshielded twisted pair type cable designed for high signal integrity...

CAT 5e

Category 5e cable is an enhanced version of Category 5 that adheres to more stringent standards...

CAT 6

Category 6 cable, commonly referred to as Cat 6 or Cat-6, is a cable standard designed to perform at frequencies of up to 250 MHz and offers higher performance for better transmission of data at speeds up to 1000 Mbps...

CCFL

A cold cathode is an element used within some nixie tubes, gas discharge lamps, discharge tubes, and vacuum tubes...

CEC

One of the channels in an HDMI connection is dedicated to a set of advanced control functions, collectively known as CEC...

CGA

Color Graphics Adapter...

Chip Set

A chipset or chip set refers to a group of integrated circuits, or chips, that are designed to work together...

Chroma Key

The technique for mixing two images or frames together in which a colour (or a small colour range) from one image is removed (or made transparent), revealing another image behind it...

Chrominance

Chrominance is the colour portion of a video signal...

Coaxial

Coaxial cable (or 'coax') is a shielded copper wire cable which consists of two conductors that share a common axis...

Codec

This term is short for "Coder-decoder...

Color Banding

A symptom of insufficient colour depth, colour banding occurs when a monitor is unable to render smooth colour gradients, and instead presents stripes or bands of colour, especially in very light or very dark areas of an image...

Colour Depth

Colour depth (also known as bit depth), is a term describing the number of bits used to represent the colour of a single pixel...

Comb Filter

In signal processing, a comb filter adds a delayed version of a signal to itself, causing constructive and destructive interference...

Component Video

Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more components...

Composite Video

Composite Video is a video colour format where the video information is combined into a single channel...

Computer Signal Formats

4:3 aspect ratio resolutions
QVGA: A video graphics resolution of 320x240 pixels...

CRT

The Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube which produces light when an electron beam hits its internal surface...

DAC

Digital to Analog Converter...

Data

In computer science, data is anything in a form suitable for use with a computer...

DC

DC (Direct Current) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge...
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